September 12-14, 2017, College Park, MD

The 2017 Suppression, Detection, and Signaling Research and Applications Conference (SUPDET 2017) was jointly organized with the 16th International Conference on Fire Detection (AUBE ’17). 

Smoke aerosol characterizatior

Particle size distributions from smokes and cooking aerosols sampled from room fire experiments (PDF)
Thomas Cleary, NIST

Portable instrument for online investigations of optical properties of airborne particles (PDF)
Julian Robertz, Aleksandar Duric, Martin Allemann, Siemens Switzerland, Zug, Switzerland; Daniel Egli, Markus Loepfe, Heinz Burtscher University of Applied Sciences and Arts, Northwestern Switzerland, Windisch, SwitzerlandHans-Joachim Schöpe, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany

Investigation of the potential use of blue light in forward scattering optical smoke chambers to detect all UL217 fires in the new standard (PDF)
David Richardson, Daniel O‘Shea, Stephen Daniels, Michael Byrne, Ei Electronics, Shannon, Ireland

Quantifying thermophoretic deposition of soot on surfaces (PDF)
Amy Mensch, Thomas Cleary, NIST

Selecting an optimal set of scattering angles and wavelengths for practical photoelectric smoke detector (PDF)
Shu Yan, Tian Deng, Wenbo Xu, Shu Wang Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, P. R. China

Alarm statistics

False alarms of fire detection and fire alarm systems in selected European countries (PDF)
Lance Rütimann, Sebastian Festag, Euralarm, Zug, Switzerland

Statistical analysis of the effectiveness of fire protection system technologies – Extract from the project survey phases I of the vfdb Fire Loss Statistic (PDF)
Sebastian Festag, vfdb Department 14, Sulzburg, Germany

Smoke alarms – Where are we now and the outlook for the future (PDF)
Arthur Lee, U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission and Thomas Cleary, NIST and 
Thomas Cleary, NIST

Methods to quantify smoke detection performance in risk-informed engineering applications (PDF)
Gabriel Taylor, Susan Cooper, Amy D’Agostino, Nicholas Melly, Nuclear Regulatory Commission; Thomas Cleary, NIST

Learning to rate the reliability of the fire safety system (PDF)
Ai-Zhong Wang, Gulf Security Technology, Qinhuangdao, P.R. China and Chang-Ming Xu, Northeastern University at Qinhuangdao, P.R.China

Smoke aerosol characterization

Polarized light scattering of smoke sources and cooking aerosols (PDF)
Thomas Cleary, Amy Mensch, NIST 

Polarised light scattering analyses for aerosol classification (PDF)
Thorsten Schultze, Lea Marcius, Wolfgang Krüll, Ingolf Willms, University Duisburg-Essen, Duisburg, Germany

Design of a polarimetric scattering- based aerosol-classifying smoke detector prototype (PDF)
Lea Marcius, Thorsten Schultze, Ingolf Willms, University Duisburg-Essen, Duisburg, Germany

Characterization of smoke particles produced from n-heptane / toluene test fire: Influence of different mixing ratio (PDF)
Jia Liu, Qixing Zhang, Feng Wang, Jun Fang, Yongming Zhang, State Key Laboratory of Fire Science, Hefei, P.R.China

A method for fire detecting by volume and surface area concentration based on dual wavelengths (PDF)
Xiao Xiao, Tian Deng, Ming Zhu, Shu Wang Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, P.R. China

Suppression applications

Development of protection recommendations for Li-ion battery bulk storage: Sprinklered fire test (PDF)
Benjamin Ditch, FM Global and R. Thomas Long, Exponent Inc.

Developing a fire test strategy for storage protection under sloped ceilings (PDF)
Justin A. Geiman, Noah L. Ryder, Fire & Risk Alliance; André W. Marshall, Custom Spray Solutions; Prateep Chatterjee, FM Global

Analysis of fire suppression jet accumulation characteristics: Effect of varying nozzle pressure, flow rate, and AFFF concentration (PDF)
Christopher Menchini, Gary Morris West Virginia University and Steven Wells, Vulcan Research and Controls


UL268 7th challenge with single infrared smoke detector (PDF)
Hans Aebersold, Siemens Switzerland, Zug, Switzerland

Effect of contamination on the sensitivity of optical scatter smoke sensors (PDF)
Stephen Ellwood, AW Technology

Smoke alarm devices and smart-home systems - How will a shared future look like? (PDF)
Ulrich Rabe, VdS, Cologne, Germany

The development of automatic fire alarm standards and related products in China (PDF)
Hongjun Ding, Shenyang Fire Research Institute


Conceptual system for evaluating the impact on residential life safety of new fire protection technology (PDF)
Paul Reneke, Morgan Burns, Richard Peacock, Thomas Cleary, Chandler MacLaren, NIST

Investigations of the impact of extinguishing water on sub-THz material characteristics (PDF)
Benedikt Friederich, Thorsten Schultze, Ingolf Willms, University Duisburg-Essen

Predicting detector response time using saltwater modeling on sloped ceilings (PDF)
Pietro M. F. Maisto, André W. Marshall, Michael J. Gollner, University of Maryland

Modelling of mature soot dynamics and optical properties (PDF)
Georgios A. Kelesidis, Sotiris E. Pratsinis ETH Zurich and Aleksandar Duric, Martin Allemann Siemens Switzerland

A CFD-based study about smoke distribution in presence of a mechanical ventilation system in a passive house (PDF)
Stefanie Schubert, Ulrich Krause, University Magdeburg

A statistical model for smoke alarm activation in upholstered furniture fires (PDF)
Thomas Cleary, Richard Peacock, NIST

Numerical study on the airflow characteristics caused by wood combustion (PDF)
Hiroshi Hasebe, Toru Oyaide, Hiroya Suzuki, Takashi Nomura, 
Nihon University

Alarming, false alarm tests

Wireless interconnections in fire detection and fire alarm systems: Points of attention for the installer and the Belgian application standard (PDF)
Benoît Stockbroeckx, ANPI

Multi-channel information processing for fire detection (PDF)
Mathias Stäger, Siemens Switzerland and Elizabeth Ren, Nour Zalmai, Hans-Andrea Loeliger, ETH Zurich

Thermally-induced failure of smoke alarms (PDF)
Stephen M. Olenick, Haavard R. Boehmer Combustion Science & Engineering and Geraldine Martin, Olsson Fire & Risk

Non-fire sensitivity testing of optical smoke detectors (PDF)
Wolfgang Krüll, Thorsten Schultze, Ingolf Willms, University Duisburg-Essen

A study on scattering characterization of water steam aerosols for smoke detector (PDF)
Rong Zheng, Yuan Cheng, Song Lu, Heping Zhang, State Key Laboratory of Fire Science

Using smoke obscuration to warn of pre-ignition conditions of unattended cooking fires (PDF)
Erik Johnsson, Mariusz Zarzecki, NIST

Smoke plus infra-red sensors as an alternative fire detection for activation of a residential fire suppression appliance (PDF)
William Makant, Plumis

Oxy-reduction, special suppression systems

Installation and discharge test of a low pressure extinguishing system utilizing cryogenic liquid argon to protect a liquid sodium experiment (PDF)
Gudrun Fay, Jan Witte, Minimax, Bad Oldesloe, Germany

Hybrid fire extinguishing systems: An evaluation of the effects of high elevations on Class A and Class B fuel fires (PDF)
Larry Carmen, Bob Ballard, Victaulic and Noah L. Ryder, Fire and Risk Alliance

Active fire prevention by oyxgen reduction systems (PDF)
Markus Mueller, Wagner Schweiz

International standardization of oxygen reduction systems for fire protection (PDF)
Frank Siedler, Wagner Fire Safety and Florence Daniault, Wagner Group

Multi-sensor systems, gas sensors

Multicriteria detection: Leveraging building control and comfort sensors for fire state determination (PDF)
Noah L. Ryder, Fire & Risk Alliance and Elizabeth J. Weckman, University of Waterloo

A hydrogen sensor based on acoustic rotational relaxation spectra (PDF)
Xiangqun Zhang, Shu Wang, Ming Zhu, Tingting Liu, Huazhong University of Science and Technology

A comparison of carbon monoxide gas sensing to particle smoke detection in residential fire scenarios (PDF)
Amy Mensch, Thomas Cleary, NIST

Experimental study on FT-IR analysis of chemical species from wooden materials in pre-combustion condition (PDF)
Osami Sugawa, Kyoko Kamiya, Tokyo University of Science


Spatial distribution of hot spots in the “Chapada dos Guimarães” National Park, Mato Grosso State, Brasil, from 2005 to 2014 (PDF)
Ronaldo Viana Soares, Antonio Carlos Batista,  Federal University of Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil; Arlindo de Paula Machado Neto, Federal University of Mato Grosso, Sinop, Brazil

Investigation of machine learning algorithm compared to fuzzy logic in wild fire smoke detection applications (PDF)
Azarm Nowzad, Andreas Jock, Klaus Jäckel, Ralf Reulke, IQ Wireless

Fast and reliable wildfire smoke detection based on self-learning and interactive functionalities to provide useful early detection (PDF)
Joachim F. Dreibach, Vispectiv AG

Computer vision techniques for firebrand detection and characterization (PDF)
Ali Tohidi, Michael Gollner, University of Maryland, College Park and Christine Standohar-Alfano, Stephen Quarles, Insurance Institute for Business & Home Safety

Fire detection in aircraft and vehicles

Fire detection and fire fighting testing and approval on railway vehicles (PDF)
Peter Stahl, Wagner Schweiz

Multi-criteria / multi-sensor early fire detection in the engine compartment of road vehicles: Evaluation process of gas sensors (PDF)
Gunnar Arndt, Slawomir Suchy, Dirk Vialkowitsch, vacos, Nagold, Germany and Anna Staerz, Alexandru Oprea, Udo Weimar, Wolfgang Rosenstiel, Eberhard-Karls-Universität

False alarm resisting smoke detector for mobility application (PDF)
Jan Boris Philipp, Karsten Kirbach, Matthias Hofmann, Albrecht Hopfe, Martin Schank, Ralf Behrens, Gerd Wedler, Apparatebau Gauting GmbH, Gilching and Thorsten Schultze, University Duisburg-Essen

An experimental study on the influence of low air pressure on the flame height of wall fire plumes (PDF)
Yuan Cheng, Song Lu, Heping Zhang State Key Laboratory of Fire Science

Sprinkler technologies

Acoustic impact of fire suppression nozzles (PDF)
Sudarshan Koushik, Duane McCormick, Changmin Cao, May Corn, United Technologies Research Center

Acoustic nozzle design for fire protection application (PDF)
Melissa A. Loureiro, Alan Elder, Arash Ahmadzadegan, Johnson Controls

Stakeholder perceptions of home fire sprinklers (PDF)
Liza Bowles, Sam Bowles, Newport Partners

The effect of obstructions on ESFR sprinkler performance (PDF)
Garner A. Palenske, Jensen Hughes

Fire detection in aircraft and vehicles, special applications

New certification rules for fire detection in vehicles (PDF)
Ola Willstrand, Peter Karlsson, Jonas Brandt, RISE Research Institutes of Sweden

Transportation of Li-ion batteries: The state of charge parameter (PDF)
Nicholas Nava, Hubert Biteau, Exponent

Buoyancy driven flow in an underground metro station for different climate conditions – Experimental and numerical investigation (PDF)
Matthes Dietrich, Christian Knaust, Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung; Markus Brüne, Ruhr-Universität Bochum; Lucas Arnold, Forschungszentrum Jülich; Sebastian Festag, Hekatron

Sprinkler technologies, AFFF

Comparison of firefighting performance between commercial AFFF and analytically defined reference AFFF formulations (PDF)
Katherine Hinnant, Art Snow, John Farley Spencer Giles, Ramagopal Ananth, U.S.Naval Research Laboratory

Optimized sprinkler development through spray field engineering analysis: Initial spray characterization and reduced order modeling (PDF)
Stephen J. Jordan, Noah L. Ryderm Fire & Risk Alliance; Robert J. Ballard, Victaulic; André W. Marshall Custom Spray Solutions

Performance-based fire detection system design for water curtain at proscenium opening of stages (PDF)
Frank Wang, Jensen Hughes; Xiaolei Chen, California State University

Warehouse protection of exposed expanded Group-A plastics with electronic sprinkler technology (PDF)
Zachary L. Magnone, Jeremiah Crocker, Pedriant Peña, Tyco Fire Protection Products

Special applications in fire detection

OFDR-temperature sensing using existing fiber-optic communication cables – An application for automatic fire detection? (PDF)
Markus Brüne, Annika Gomell, Andreas Pflitsch, Ruhr-Universität Bochum; Wilhelm Furian, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin; Bernd Horbach, LIOS Technology

In-situ smoke generation for testing very early warning fire detection (VEWFD) (PDF)
Joshua Dinaburg, Benjamin Gaudet, Jensen Hughes

Detection of overheated rollers in belt conveyor systems (PDF)
Andreas Czylwik, University Duisburg-Essen; Simon Trippler, GTE

Basic study on position estimation of fire source using Fiber Bragg gratings (PDF)
Tatsuya Yamaguchi, Hiroshi Ohno, Yu Matsumoto, Taiyo Matsumura, Yukitaka Shinoda, Takashi Ono Nihon University

ASD, suppression applications

Aspirating gas detection - CFD modelling predicts application performance (PDF)
Yun Jiang, Xtralis, Bentleigh EastClaudio Groppetti, Xtralis, Avon, MA

Predicting the effectiveness of various detection strategies protecting spaces where smoke may not reach the ceiling (PDF)
Peter Massingberd-Mundy, Yun Jiang Xtralis, Hemel Hempstead; Ben Ralph, University of Edinburgh

Towards predicting high sensitivity smoke detector operational performance in building environments (PDF)
Michael Birnkrant, Hui Fang, May Corn, Peter Harris, United Technologies Research Center

Preventing warehouse total loss caused by excessive ventilation (PDF)
John Frank, XL Catlin, Property Risk Engineering / GAPS

Flame detection, video detection, image processing

Visual smoke density measurement for video smoke detection (PDF)
Andreas Wellhausen, Anton Stadler, Bosch Security Systems and Fabian Hoppe, HsKA

Analysis of volume local binary patterns for video based smoke detection (PDF)
Gaohua Lin, Qixing Zhang, Gao Xu, Lan Qian, Yongming Zhang, State Key Laboratory of Fire Science

A smoke type classification concept for video fire detection (PDF)
Andreas Wellhausen, Anton Stadler, Bosch Security Systems

Video smoke detection using deep domain adaptation enhanced with synthetic smoke images (PDF)
Gao Xu, Qixing Zhang, Gaohua Lin, Jinjun Wang, Yongming Zhang, State Key Laboratory of Fire Science

Standards, special applications in fire detection 

Sprinkler performance – How are we doing? How can NFPA 13 and 25 help? (PDF)
Marty Ahrens, Jacqueline Wilmot,  NFPA

Multi scenario fire tests in tunnels (PDF)
Stefan Brügger, Arnd Rogner and Securiton, Zollikofen, Switzerland

Automated fire detection and suppression in a retrofitted tunnel using fiber-optic linear heat detection (PDF)
Julio Toko, Martin Fromme, Bernd Horbach, Wieland Hill,LIOS Technology