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The NFPA Fire & Life Safety Ecosystem

NFPA Fire and Life Safety EcosystemWhen it comes to fire prevention and protection, safety is not something we can take for granted. The NFPA Fire & Life Safety Ecosystem™ is a framework that identifies the components that must work together to minimize risk and help prevent loss, injuries, and death from fire, electrical, and other hazards.

There are eight key components in the Fire & Life Safety Ecosystem™. These components are interdependent. When they work together, the Ecosystem protects everyone. If any component is missing or broken, the Ecosystem can collapse, often resulting in tragedy. Almost always we can trace the cause of injurious life safety incidents and tragedies back to the breakdown of one or more components.

NFPA is committed to promoting the Fire & Life Safety Ecosystem to protect people and property against evolving safety threats, and wants to work with others who are part of this critical system. You can also view this information en Español and em Português.


NFPA Fire & Life Safety Ecosystem ToolNEW! NFPA Fire & Life Safety Ecosystem Assessment Tool

This tool helps users identify gaps in their community’s support for safety. It asks a series of yes or no questions on the policies, practices, and resources that support each of the eight components of the Fire & Life Safety Ecosystem, delivering a score of green (excellent), yellow (good), fair (orange), or red (poor) along with a downloadable report. The Ecosystem Assessment Tool is available in English, Spanish, and Arabic. We invite safety professionals to log-on, choose their language, and assess their community.



Fire & Life Safety Ecosystem Individual components or “cogs”

Learn more about each component and the roles necessary to help maintain and promote a system to protect people and property against evolving safety threats. 

Maintaining an effective policy and regulatory environment, supporting fire, electrical, building, and life safety. 
Using the latest codes and standards developed by experts from across the world. 

Applying all standards referenced (PDF) within the primary fire, life safety, building and electrical codes and standards, including the International Building Code® (IBC®) and International Fire Code® (IFC®).

Prioritizing safety across the board.
Promoting the development of skilled professionals to apply the codes and standards. Supporting effective code enforcement. Providing effective preparedness and response capabilities to deal with fire, electrical, and related hazards. Educating the public about the dangers posed by fire, electrical, and related hazards.
  • NEW! During the National Fire Sprinkler Association Virtual Annual Seminar and Business & Leadership Conference in April 2020, NFPA President and CEO, Jim Pauley spoke about the role fire sprinkler advocacy plays in the Fire & Life Safety Ecosystem.

  • 2019 Conference & Expo keynote: NFPA President Jim Pauley addressed attendees, urging them to “recommit to the things that have helped us reduce loss over past decades.” In his talk, he provides real-world examples of where the Fire & Life Safety Ecosystem is succeeding, and where we need to do more work, together, to reduce the hazards that threaten the lives of people and property across the globe. 
  • 2019 Conference & Expo panel discussion: Hear from members of the NFPA Board of Directors, whose work spans various aspects of fire and life safety. Get their take on what is broken in the ecosystem and what can be done to better protect people and property.
  • 2018 Conference & Expo: President Jim Pauley explained how the Association is committed to promoting the safety ecosystem to protect people and property against evolving safety threats, and wants to work with others who are part of this critical system. 
More information
  • NFPA Journal article: Burn Treatment -Deadly hospital fires are frequent occurrences around the world. Experts say economic globalization is driving new approaches that could change that.
  • NFPA Journal article: Brazil BurningExperts say a hospital fire and other blazes in Rio de Janeiro serve as prime examples of breakdowns in the NFPA Fire & Life Safety Ecosystem, November/December 2019
  • NFPA Journal® column: Weak Links - Decades of neglecting key aspects of the Fire & Life Safety Ecosystem have resulted in devastating wildfires. Can we change? September/October 2019
  • NFPA Journal® column: Sprinklers, state code amendments, and the safety ecosystem, July/August 2019
  • NFPA Journal article: Delayed Response: Two years after the Grenfell Tower fire, thousands of buildings in the UK, and possibly worldwide, remain at risk from combustible exterior wall assemblies. Experts say that shouldn’t come as a shock, July/August 2019
  • Article: Utilizing a Safety Ecosystem during the Flammable Refrigerant Transition